Modern Nigerian music can be said to date from the post war era of the 1950's to the present era. Most music historians and aficionados know that modern western music from jazz to rock n’ roll came from west Africa, brought by slaves who introduced traditional African instruments like the banjo and the xylophone to the western world.
Modern day Nigeria still plays a prominent role in the development of various genres of modern music, through its creation of highlife, juju and Afro-beat, the latter developed by Fela Anikulapo-Kuti. All these music forms fuse native rhythms especially from southern Nigeria and Ghana with music from Congo, Brazil, Cuba, Jamaica and the United States where later generations of the descendants of former slaves have already introduced African drums and other music forms into the mainstream.
In the last decade, Nigerian reggae, Afrobeat and highlife have steadily given way to Nigerian hip-hop, which has become the world wide music of youth. However, many Nigerian musicians still play more traditional genres like juju, made famous by Sunny Ade and Ebenezer Obey, and fuji, popularized by Sikiru Ayinde Barrister, while Fela Anikulapo's two sons, Seun and Femi, have continued their father's legacy of Afro-beat.
Notable contemporary Nigerian musicians include Femi and Seun Kuti, 2-Face Idibia, P Square, D’Banj and 9ice.
Fela Anikulapo-Kuti, Nigeria's most famous musician and originator of Afro-beat.